For cardiologists, blood is like a crystal ball that can always predict the risk of heart attack in their patients. Besides from blood pressure, this risks can also be seen in the levels of the components in it.
Dirty blood can cause blockages in blood vessels, so blood flow is hampered. Blockage can cause failure of cardiac functions, it can also even trigger a stroke if it occurs in blood flow to the brain.
According to AskMen, here are some components of blood that can predict heart health.
Apolipoprotein B (apo B)
This protein is an indication of LDL or bad cholesterol levels in the blood. High LDL levels increase the risk of heart and blood vessel diseases.
Apolipoprotein E4 (apo E4)
The body’s ability to respond to dietary changes is shown by the levels of apo E4 in the blood. Tests to measure the levels of these components can predict the actual risk of heart attack, which is more accurate than apo B.
This bacteria is actually the leading cause of pneumonia. But its presence in the blood can indicate a high risk for coronary heart attack.
C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)
These proteins are blood components that indicate inflammation that occurs in the arteries. Compared to levels of LDL, hs-CRP levels are 2 times more accurate in estimating the risk of heart attack.
When there is injury, this component is responsible for stopping the blood flowing by freezing the blood on the surface of the wound. If it is found in high levels in the blood vessels, blockage that triggers a stroke or heart attack can occur.
This component is a type of good cholesterol (HDL), which provides the best protection for the heart by getting rid of bad cholesterol (LDL). Someone is in a high risk of experiencing a heart attack if HDL2b levels in the blood is very small.
Is a byproduct of metabolism of amino acids produced naturally in the body and will be discarded if it is not needed. If levels in the blood is very high, it means that there are metabolic disorders that can trigger heart attacks.
Lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)]
The presence of this protein in the blood indicate an increased risk of heart attack by 300 percent, even when other blood components are in normal levels.
Small Dense LDL
This is a type of bad cholesterol (LDL) with the smallest size and more dense than other LDL. Someone who has high levels of small Dense LDL have a greater risk for experiencing a heart attack.