5 tropical diseases other than Ebola you should watch out for!


5 tropical diseases other than Ebola you should watch out for!

Currently, the deadly Ebola virus outbreak is occurring in West Africa. Ebola that has no visible symptoms and high mortality rate became one of the virus and the disease feared by the world community. However Ebola is not the only deadly disease that should concern by the world, especially people in tropical regions. There are still some other diseases as dangerous as Ebola.

Here are some of tropical diseases other than Ebola that you should watch out for, as reported by Men’s Health.

1 Chikungunya
Chikungunya is a virus that is spread by mosquitoes. Before the disease has been found in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Chikungunya mosquito populations is known to increase from 2006 to 2013 and can be spread to all corners of the world, even the United States.

A person is most at risk of chikungunya in the day, when mosquitoes are very active. After seven days of being bitten by mosquitoes that carry chikungunya virus, the person will feel fever, headache, and pain in the joints. Although the pain is very severe, usually one will be feeling better after one week. There is no specific treatment for this disease in addition to usual care for patients experienced fever. Even so, it is better to prevent than to be exposed to chikungunya virus.

2 Leptospirosis
This disease is caused by this bacteria and can occur all over the world. But is most common in tropical and subtropical regions that are slightly damp such as Asia, South America, and the Caribbean Islands. This disease can be spread through the urine of infected animals. Urine can get into the water and cause you to contract leptospirosis.

Based on research in the Journal of Travel Medicine, often a person gets the disease when traveling and use open water for swimming, kayaking, fishing, and others. If you are traveling and find open water such as rivers, lakes, waterfalls, and others,  you should be careful in using the water.

Leptospirosis is characterized by symptoms such as high fever, headache, chills, muscle pain, vomiting, and diarrhea after two to three days after contracting. In the severe stage, the disease can cause serious problems such as kidney failure and jaundice. The disease is similar to Ebola, but bleeding could be fatal. People can suddenly vomit blood and die from leptospirosis.

3 Typhoid fever
Typhoid fever is common in developing countries, especially in South Asia. In 2011 many migrants from India has the disease, as well as immigrants from Bangladesh and Pakistan. People affected by the disease or carry the disease Salmonella Typhi bacterium issue in their feces.

If the patient does not wash their hands properly, bacteria can get in on the drinks or the food they prepare. Be careful if people are not aware carrying  Typhi bacteria work in a restaurant or eating house, because it can infect people who eat their food.

Typhoid fever is usually accompanied by symptoms such as high fever, headache, and loss of appetite. This disease can be prevented with vaccines and indiscriminate eating habits, such as eating in places that can not be guaranteed cleanliness.

4 Malaria
Like chikungunya, malaria is also carried by mosquitoes as the cause. But malaria mosquitoes will carry a parasite that enters the body. Malaria is a common disease in tropical and subtropical regions such as Africa, South America, and South East Asia. People who are infected will usually experience a high fever, chills, and flu-like symptoms.

Symptoms of malaria can be confirmed with a blood test and should be treated before they become more severe. In addition, it would be good to take precautions to keep the environment clean so that there are no malaria mosquito larvae that nest near your home.

The name of the disease is quite difficult to say, but the disease should not be underestimated. Schistosomiasis is caused by parasitic worms that breeds in the snail body. Furthermore, water snails will remove this parasite through the fresh water that can infect humans. The frightening thing is that these parasitic worms can enter through the pores of human skin.

Some of the symptoms are itching followed by fever, chills, cough, and muscle pain for a month or more. Some other chronic symptoms includes abdominal pain, blood in urine or fecese.

Those are some tropical diseases that we should be aware of in addition to Ebola.