6 Common Diseases in the First Year of a Baby’s Life

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sick babyA baby is very likely to experience one or more illnesses during the first year of their life. This is because babies do not yet have an optimal immune system, so they are susceptible to disease.

There are six diseases that often experienced by infants under the age of one year, according to Babycenter.

Constipation
Constipation is a condition that is very common and may affect about 30 percent of children in certain age. Usually babies do not have a normal schedule for defecation. In babies it could happen after every meal, or have to wait a day or even more than a day. This pattern depends on what the baby eats, how active the baby and how quickly they digest food. But eventually the parents will be able to find a pattern.

One indication that shows that babies suffer from constipation is the frequency is less than usual, especially if it has been more than 1-3 days so it makes them feel uncomfortable. Besides that, hard or dry feces is also one of the symptoms of constipation.

Coughs and cold
Almost all babies experience this condition in their first year. It is estimated that there are hundreds of viruses that can cause the a cold, and babies usually have immune systems which are still developing. Besides that, babies often put hands or other objects into their mouth that cause microorganisms to enter the baby’s body.

In general, babies will often experience cough and colds in the winter or spend more time indoors, because a room makes a virus easily spreads from one person to another. Average adult suffers from a cold 2-4 times a year, but children get an average of 60-10 times a year.

Babies who have a cold will be accompanied by a runny nose, difficulty in breathing, sneezing, low fever or a cough. If these conditions last more than 10 days, you should consult your baby to a doctor.

Diaper rash
Almost all infants who wears a diapers will experience diaper rash at some stage, approximately one of four babies have diaper rash in their first four weeks . Diaper rash can occur if a baby uses a dirty diaper for too long or a baby has a sensitive skin. This condition will be marked with red skin, rough and painful.

This happens because diapers can not absorb all the urine of  the baby, so the urine mixed with bacteria in a long term can cause diaper rash.

Diarrhea
Diarrhea may last for several days, and sometimes accompanied by painful cramps. Most cases of diarrhea in infants are caused by bacterial or viral infection.

Diarrhea caused by viral infections can be accompanied by vomiting, abdominal pain, fevers, chills, and pain. While diarrhea caused by bacterial infection are accompanied by cramps, blood in the stool, fever and vomit. But diarrhea can also be caused by food allergies and drug reactions to antibiotics.

Ear infections
Physically, babies are prone to ear infections. This is influenced by the small space behind the eardrum that is connected to the back of the throat by a tiny channel called the Eustachian tube. Anything that can disrupt the function of this tube like colds or allergies can increase the risk of allergies. This is because the Eustachian tube in infants is quite flat.

Symptoms of ear infections in babies are, a sudden changes in behavior (crying and irritable), babies often pull or rub her ears, fever, feeling sick, vomiting and sometimes accompanied by diarrhea.

Vomit
Babies will usually vomit more frequently if they are introduced to some new food or if they eat too much. Other possible causes are allergies, swallowing something poisonous, too strong when coughing or crying.

Vomiting which generally occurs in infants is not harmful, as long as these conditions are not persistent. If continuous, it can be a sign of diseases such as gastroenteritis, urinary tract infection, ear infection or something else more serious.

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