Beware, Gonorrhea Germs Are Getting More Immune to Drugs!
Sexually transmitted disease Gonorrhea is potential to become a superbug/immune to medicine, if doctors does not find new ways to treat it. Warning was delivered by Cathrine Ison, gonorrhea expert, in the World Health Organization (WHO) meeting in Manila, Philippines, last week.
“The bacteria which causes gonorrhea very smart. If we do not stop it to adapt, it is not impossible that the disease could become an infectious diseases which is hard to handle,” said Ison from Britain’s Health Protection Agency.
Gonorrhoea is an infection caused by sexual contact with an infected person. Key features of this disease, among others, for men, yellow liquid mixed with blood comes out from the urethra. In women, character is redness on the cervix and pelvic pain.
If not treated, gonorrhea bacteria will cause pelvic inflammatory disease, pregnancy outside the uterus (etopik), and infertility in women. In general, the WHO estimates, there are at least 340 million cases of sexually transmitted diseases that can be treated, including syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, etc., each year in people aged 15-49 years.
According to Ison, the world’s highest incidence of gonorrhea in countries in Africa and Southeast Asia. Medications commonly used today in some countries is to use one type of antibiotic, cefixime or ceftriaxone.
Ison added, Neisseria gonorrhea bacteria strains would soon be resistant to various antibiotics. “Cefixime and ceftriaxone are effective, but there are signs of the bacteria began to be immune, especially on cefixime,” Ison said.
The signs of this has been seen in Japan. Health officials there suggest to add a dose of antibiotics to treat gonorrhea, though still wearing the same type of antibiotic.
Trends in gonorrhea bacterial resistance also occurs in Hong Kong, China, Australia and some countries in Asia. Ison said the best way to reduce risk of gonorrhea infection is the use of condoms and wearing two different types of antibiotics to treat this disease.
Such treatments are also used in treating tuberculosis and effective enough so that is is more difficult for the bacteria to conquer this type of drug.
“There are several types of medicines that could be used for gonorrhea. Therefore, using more than one type at one time might be able to prevent its resistance,” said Ison.