Beware, Gonorrhea is becoming Drug-resistant and may not be Cured
Health officials in England, UK, had warned people that the Gonorrhea disease could now be drug-resistant, and is feared to be able to become ‘untreatable’. Not only will this cause concerns in the UK, but in the US as well.
Gonorrhea itself is a disease that is transmitted sexually and is caused by bacteria. Usually the symptoms that appears is as follows:
In men, the main signs that is felt is a burning sensation during urination and discharge from the penis. Women have no symptoms about half the time or have vaginal discharge and pelvic pain.
People who suffer from this disease need to take actions as this disease could spread and cause other health problems if left untreated. One example of the spread is that it could cause inflammation of the epididymis.
Untreated Gonorrhea can also cause pelvic inflammatory disease. It could also spread throughout the body and affect the joints and even the heart valves.
Now it is reported that Dame Sally Davies, who is England’s chief medical officer, has warned that a new strain of Gonorrhea which is drug-resistant should be taken notice.
Gonorrhea is known to be able to spread from a person to another through sexual contact, which makes it concerning knowing the rise of a drug-resistant strain in the country.
The information of this drug-resistance disease first came from reports in the city of Leeds, England. There was a case of a known ‘Super-Gonorrhea‘ disease that is a new strain of Gonorrhea being very resistance to the drugs given. This disease was first found in March 2015, where health officials confirmed that the disease was resistance to the prescribed two-antibiotic combo for the treatment of the disease.
This surely sounds concerning, as it is known that untreated Gonorrhea may cause several health problems and complications. An example of the complications of gonorrhea that is known is systemic dissemination resulting in skin pustules or petechia, septic arthritis, meningitis, or endocarditis. This occurs in between 0.6 and 3% of infected women and 0.4 and 0.7% of infected men.
Dame Sally Davies wrote a letter to all general practice physicians and pharmacies. She warned them about the risk of Gonorrhea to become untreatable given the fact that it is becoming more and more resistance to drugs provided.
There are already a lot of cases of Gonorrhea disease found worldwide. The World Health Organization gave an estimation of the cases of the disease occurring worldwide. It said that it the WHO estimates 88 million Gonorrhea cases cases occur every year, out of the 448 million new cases of all curable STI each year – that also includes syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. In the United Kingdom, 196 per 100,000 males 20 to 24 years old and 133 per 100,000 females 16 to 19 years old were diagnosed in 2005.
According to experts, what could also cause this is that because some patients have not been treated with both of the antibiotics (injectible ceftriaxone and azithromycin in pill form) which is needed to deal with the infection. While, this is the standard of treatment needed to kill the infection. The problem could even arise in the USA and drug-resistance gonorrhea will occur in America.
The increase in gonorrhea strains that are resistance to drugs had increased world wide, but still remains treatable in the USA. The health officials in America will keep monitoring the strain.