Breast Milk Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death
One more evidence that breast milk has high efficacy is that it is able to prevent potential deaths due to sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS. A study proves that breastfeeding provides a shield for the baby from the risk.
“Breastfeeding is the best method to be given to babies,” said Dr. Fern Hauck, lead researcher at the University of Virgnia School of Medicine in Charlottesville, according to Pediatrics Online.
The phenomenon of sudden death (SIDS) in infants can not be explained. Usually, these deaths occur when babies are sleep and occur in infants younger than one year old, especially in infants aged four months. According to the National Institutes of Health of the United States, SIDS kills more than 2,500 babies in the United States each year.
Hauck said one theory that causes SIDS is because the baby sleeps with their face or head covered, do not turn their heads, or cry like most babies and slowly dies. World Health Organization recommends that mothers breastfeed their babies for the first six months of their life.
Hauck and other researchers combine their study of mothers and infants who died and have not died, and combined it with 18 other studies of breast-feeding. The result, showed that the SIDS rate are 60 percent lower for babies who consumed breast milk than those who do not. And more than 70 percent lower in infants who were breast-fed exclusively – without any formula milk – for any period of time. “Breast milk helps protect babies from sudden death,” he concluded.
Although they have not found the exact cause, they simply believe the breastfeeding relationship with SIDS. “We found a protective effect even after controlling for factors that could explain the relationship,” said Hauck.