Causes of Cavities and How to Prevent It

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kid drink sodaCavities is one of the most prevalent health problem. Although it is most suffered by children, but the cavities are a lifelong problem for many people. What are the factors that cause cavities?

The worst enemy of the teeth are foods containing sugars and starches, such as carbohydrates. Bacteria in the mouth will change some sugar and carbohydrates that we eat into acid. Bacteria and acid which it forms become sticky deposit, called dental plaque, attached to the tooth surface.

The acid which is damaging is formed in plaque and attacks the minerals on the outer surface of tooth enamel. Erosion caused by plaque will create small holes in the enamel surface.

Most people think sweet candy is the main destroyer of teeth, whereas a sweet carbonated drink, like cola, are more dangerous because the carbonation would increase the production of acid in the mouth. Some studies also show sport drinks will damage the tooth enamel due to its sugar content.

To prevent this, do these following steps:

– Reduce consumption of sugar, including soft drinks and sports drinks.

– Do not have snack too often because it will increase acid levels in the mouth.

– If you really want to eat something sweet, choose a gum that does not contain sugar. Chewing will increase saliva production that naturally cleanse the mouth and neutralizes acidity.

– Brush your teeth twice a day, after meals and before bed.

– Visit your dentist every 6 months to check and clean up piles of plaque.

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