Causes of Meningitis Disease


Meningitis caused by viruses are generally not dangerous and will recover without specific treatment and care. However, bacterial meningitis can cause death in 50 percent of children who are affected. When healed, often rest in the form of visible symptoms of paralysis, deafness, lack the ability to learn, and others. Bacteria that can cause an attack of meningitis, including:

Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus)

This is the most common bacterial cause of meningitis in infants or children. This type of bacteria that can cause infection pneumonia, ear and nasal cavity (sinus).

Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus)

This bacterium is the cause of the second largest after Streptococcus pneumonia. Meningitis due to infection of the upper respiratory tract and then the bacteria get into the blood circulation.

Haemophilus influenzae (Haemophilus)

Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) is a type of bacteria that can cause meningitis. It causes upper respiratory infections, middle ear, and sinusitis. Vaccine (Hib vaccine) has shown a decrease in the number of meningitis cases caused by bacteria of this type.

Listeria monocytogenes (listeria)

This is one type of bacteria that can cause meningitis too. This bacterium can be found in many places, in the dust and in contaminated food. These foods are usually the type of cheese, hot dogs, sandwiches and meat which is derived from the bacterium local animal (pet). Other bacterias can also cause meningitis are Staphylococcus aureus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.