Cough could be a sign of serious diseases
A cough that never subsides often disrupt daily activities. Eat, drink, work, even resting is not going quietly. All such activities stopped for a moment if the cough came. Not only in adults, cough in children also often causes problems.In fact, cough is not a disease, but the body’s protection mechanisms, especially the respiratory tract to clear the airway of a foreign object inside.
The air coming out of the lungs caused by coughing will make everything that inhibit the airway wasted out, especially a foreign object, fluid or mucus, so that the airways become clean. Therefore, sometimes coughing is necessary to get rid of all that inhibits the respiratory tract.
“Coughing is a reflex action started by stimulation of sensory nerves in the lining of the respiratory tract, a tube that we use for breathing,” said Dr John ET Pillinger MB CHC DRCOG, respiratory health experts from Christchurch, Dorset, England, as quoted from NetDoctor.com .
When people cough, he mentioned, there was shortness of breath and the larynx (voice box) to close momentarily. Chest muscles used for breathing abdominal contraction. Because it ultimately will increase the pressure required to remove the air in the lungs when the larynx re-opens.
Pillinger explained, the pressure resulting from the discharge of air out with these high-speed brushing and cleaning the airway of dust, dirt, or fluid overload. Coughing is a common symptom when the airways become “tight”, such as severe asthma.
“Cough reflex is an important part of the body’s defense mechanism. Normally, the lungs and respiratory tract are always sterile. Therefore, if dust or dirt get into the lungs, they can become breeding grounds of bacteria and cause pneumonia or respiratory infection, “he said.
Although the cough usually occurs due to stimulation in the respiratory tract, many other types of coughs caused by abnormalities in the body, particularly a cough that is frequent and long duration. Based on duration, cough can be acute, sub-acute, and chronic. Cough that occurs less than three weeks is called acute cough. Causes of acute cough is usually irritation, acute airway constriction, and viral or bacterial infection.
If the duration is more than eight weeks, known as chronic cough. This type of cough can cause problems from mild to severe. Chronic cough can cause organic disorders such as abdominal muscles, pain, urinating or defecating as uncontrolled coughing, muscle pain, tears lining the lungs, until fracture of ribs. Chronic cough may occur due to chronic airway constriction disease, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, upper respiratory disorders, gastric disorders, and so on.
In acute respiratory viral infections are often followed by a long cough (3-8 weeks) airway epithelial damage. Because it is usually called as sub-acute cough. Meanwhile, in infants, cough can be a symptom of allergies, allergic to milk and dust well, or also due to viral infection and the presence of stomach contents backflow into the airway (gastroesofageal reflux), especially children who have digestive problems.
In infants is most often due to allergy related cough from upper respiratory equipment, ie nose, ears, and throat. For example sinusitis and asthma. To overcome cough, Pillinger said, it should be given treatment based on the cause.
“You should consult your doctor if any symptoms that accompany the disease so that possible causes of cough can be investigated and treated where necessary,” he said.
For example people who cough because the channel is turned so that his breath against alergan asthma relapse with symptoms of cough, the first treatment is to avoid these alergan. Doctors also will track the causes cough through abnormalities in chest x-rays, sputum color incurred when coughing, or smoking habits of patients.
If the condition is common cold with no complications, giving cough medicine can make a cough quickly subsided within a few days. The content contained in cough medicine cough made to prevent complications, such as providing comfortable effect, increase endurance, and relieve other symptoms.
Some substances that are usually found in cough medicines include decongestants to relieve nasal congestion, analgestik to relieve pain and fever, antitiusif to suppress the cough, as well as allergy and antihistamines relieve itching or sneezing. However, if the cough is continued (more than one week), it is feared complications that have occurred need to be treated further.
Risk of complications of a viral infection can be increased in people with low body resistance, had a history of chronic earlier, the elderly, and children under five. In addition to supplying the drug, many patients with cough should rest and eat nutritious foods to restore body condition. Also multiply fluid intake to prevent the inner lining of the throat so as not to dry out and make sputum more watery and easily removed. Stay away from cigarettes and cigarette smoke that will irritate the throat and a cough worsen.