Death Caused by Dengue Fever Increases
World Health Organization (WHO) has warned countries to act to overcome the problem of dengue fever. If there are no actions then the situation will get worse because now the number of deaths caused by dengue fever had doubled in the last decade.
WHO said the outbreak of dengue fever has now become a major threat to global public health.
More than 2.5 billion people are at risk of dengue fever, with the majority or 70 percent of the population lives in the Asian Pacific region.
Dengue is a serious disease like flu that are transmitted by mosquitoes. Dengue fever can progress to dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) which can be fatal. The disease is spread by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
“National resources must be mobilized to maintain the prevention and control of dengue fever, as well as profiles of disease must be raised in the context of global health to stimulate the interest of international agencies and donors,” explained Dr Shin Young-soo, WHO Regional Director, according to BBC News.
According to Dr Shin, the war against this disease is everybody’s problem because the number of cases in the Western Pacific has more than doubled over the last 10 years.
“This year alone, there have been significant increases in many countries. Lao People’s Democratic Republic and the Philippines is that it seems very affected,” said Dr. Shin.
Dr Shin said, two-fifths of the world population are at risk of dengue fever. Of the total 2.5 billion people, more than 70 percent live in Asia-Pacific countries.
An increasing number of these outbreak can be caused by several factors, including temperature and higher rainfall, which causes the perfect breeding conditions for mosquitoes that carry disease.
In addition, population growth, especially in big cities and increased international travel by infected individuals can also be a reason for increased dengue fever outbreak.
DHF can affect anyone regardless of age. Some people infected with the virus some shows symptoms, but others do not show symptoms at all.
The typical symptoms of DHF are:
1. Complaints of high fever continuously for 2 days or more
2. Decreased appetite
3. There is a history of dengue in the surrounding environment within 200-400 meters
4. There is a typical pattern of fever, resembling a camel’s hump
5. The presence of blood plasma leakage, as seen from the red spots on the body or other body parts
6. Hepatomegaly (enlarged liver)
7. Failure of circulation
Critical periods of dengue fever is on the fifth day. If not handled properly, the platelets go down rapidly and causes shocks which could causes death.
Signs of shock in DHF are:
1. Feels restless and weak
2. Decreased consciousness
3. Rapid breathing
4. Can be accompanied by abdominal pain
5. Peripheral perfusion or capillary refill (the level of blood capillary refill empty) decreased
6. Rapid pulse with smaller volumes
7. Blood pressure and pulse pressure decreased
8. The tip of the hands and feet are cold
9. Diuresis (abnormalities in urinase system in producing urine) reduced
Treatment of DHF is actually simple, rest and drink plenty of water, consumption of paracetamol to reduce fever and does not need to take antibiotics because the fever is caused by a virus.