Don’t Squeeze! Here Are The Best Ways to Overcome Acne
Acne is a word that would make most people (especially women) annoyed. Well, acne that appears on the face does often create a feeling of annoyance and make you want to get rid of it as soon as possible.
What is Acne?
Acne is a condition of the skin that can cause the appearance of pimples or “zits.” The pimple here may include a variety of skin problems including whiteheads, blackheads, and red, inflamed patches of skin (such as cysts).
Human skin is actually quite prone to problems of acne. Certain areas of the human skin especially on the face, neck, back, and chest is covered in hundreds of thousands of microscopic hair follicles, these are often called pores.
These follicles sometimes overproduce cells and become blocked. The reason for this is actually not really understood. Sebum (oil) which normally drains to the surface gets trapped and bacteria begins to grow on the blocked pores.
Severe acne is inflammatory, but acne can also manifest in noninflammatory forms. The lesions are caused by changes in pilosebaceous units, skin structures consisting of a hair follicle and its associated sebaceous gland, changes that require androgen stimulation.
Types of acne
1. Non-inflammatory acne
Microcomedones can spontaneously become unplugged and heal or they become non-inflamed skin blemishes called comedones–either a whitehead or a blackhead.
2. Inflammatory acne
A blackhead or whitehead can release its contents to the surface and heal. Or, the follicle wall can rupture and inflammatory acne can ensue. This rupture can be caused by random occurrence or by picking or touching the skin. This is why it is important to leave acne prone skin relatively untouched.
Acne Signs and Symptoms
Acne commonly appears on the face and shoulders. It may also occur on the trunk, arms, legs, and buttocks.
- Crusting of skin bumps
- Papules (small red bumps)
- Redness around the skin eruptions
- Scarring of the skin
Acne scars are the result of inflammation within the dermis brought on by acne. The scar is created by the wound trying to heal itself resulting in too much collagen in one spot.
Physical acne scars are often referred to as “ice pick” scars. This is because the scars tend to cause an indentation in the skin’s surface. There is a range of treatments available. Although quite rare, the medical condition atrophia maculosa varioliformis cutis also results in “acne-like” depressed scars on the face.
Causes of Acne
Acne occurs when tiny holes on the surface of the skin become clogged. These holes are called pores.
- Each pore opens to a follicle. A follicle contains a hair and an oil gland. The oil released by the gland helps remove old skin cells and keeps your skin soft.
- When glands produce too much oil, the pores can become blocked. Dirt, bacteria, and cells build up. The blockage is called a plug or comedone.
- If the top of the plug is white, it is called a whitehead.
- If the top of the plug is dark, it is called a blackhead.
- If the plug breaks open, swelling and red bumps occur.
- Acne that is deep in your skin can cause hard, painful cysts. This is called cystic acne.
Do not squeeze Acne!
The sense of annoyance when suffering from acne problems is what make most people have the desire to immediately squeeze the acne so that they quickly get rid of it. But, you should think twice before you decide to squeeze the pimples on your face, because there is a possibility that you will not get rid of it but in the other hand you would only aggravate your acne condition.
“Squeezing pimples is the most common way to deal with acne problems, this method is most often done both by men and women. Though this is actually not a good solution to overcome the problem of acne,” said Dr. Gloria Novelita, a skin and venereal specialist.
Why is squeezing not recommended to overcome you acne problem? Well, you should know that in addition to causing pain, unclean hands that is often used by people to squeeze their acne will only transmit bacteria to the wounded area. Yes, most people do not clean their hands first when they decide to squeeze their acme, as a result, the inflammation of acne will be more severe and will lead to redness.
“If the inflammatory gets worse, it would later become red. Well, habits like this is what makes the acne last long,” said Dr. Gloria.
According to Dr. Gloria, this behavior arises because usually a person is not looking forward to ‘eliminate’ existing acne on their face. It can be caused due to the acne he or she feels insecure and shy. So how do you get rid of acne without squeezing?
“Actually, acne can heal itself, which is important not touch let alone squeezing by hand, which are not necessarily kept clean and free from germs. Because, in addition to the hygiene factor, pressures squeeze on pimples will also stimulate acne to become more inflamed,” said dr. Gloria.
Here are some tips from Dr. Gloria to treat acne:
1. Clean your face every day by using products that are gentle and do not cause irritation, such as special sensitive skin cleanser products
2. Avoid facial treatment when you have acne problems
3. Adequate rest at least 7-8 hours per day
4. Avoid excessive use of cosmetics, especially if used during the day. Becasue cosmetics will close the pores and cause the clogging of acne
5. Avoid room temperature that is too hot and humid as it will trigger the sweat glands to become more active
6. If previously you are a smoker, it’s good to quit the bad habit
7. Avoid excessive stress
8. Drink plenty of water and reduce high-fat foods
9. Increase your intake of vitamin A and zinc. Vitamin A are found in beef liver, carrots, broccoli, sweet potatoes, kale, spinach, and cantaloupe. You can get zinc intake from oysters, beef liver, red meat, and mushrooms.