Don’t Underestimate Lyme Disease, Read the Symptoms

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lymeLYME is an infection that is spread by ticks, which belong to the the Ixodes species. Ixodes ticks or Ixodes scapularis  is known as a tick that are commonly found in deers, thus why it called a ‘deer tick’. Some also know this or refer this to ‘blacklegged tick’or even ‘bear tick’.

The first case of this disease was discovered in Lyme, Connecticut in 1975, with most cases in the United States involves the Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium.

However, most cases in Europe involves the Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia garinii bacteria.

Currently, Lyme disease can be found almost in all continents except Antarctica.

Most cases of this disease is spread by nymphs (immature deer ticks), but the adult fleas can also spread the disease.

Many people do not even realize that they have been bitten by a nymph from the bites are almost without pain.

The only sign you have been bitten are bite marks and redness that surrounds the area of the bite.

Here are some symptoms of Lyme disease that you should know, as reported by Cheat Sheet:

1. Rash

One of the typical symptoms of Lyme disease in its early stages are rashes with a bulls-eye pattern. WebMD explains that if the rash, have a solid place in the middle of the ring spreading around it, then it is very likely that you may have Lyme. The center of the rash is more red than the ring around it.

The rash is very common and in fact it affects around 80 percent of those who get Lyme disease and it begins about seven days after you are bitten.

2. flu-like symptoms

In the early stages of Lyme disease, it is difficult to detect it. Columbia University Medical Center describe symptoms such as headache, fatigue, fever, chills, muscle and joint pain and swollen lymph nodes are all very common with Lyme though they all are usually accompanied by a rash.

Flu-like symptoms may begin at any time between three and 30 days after the bite.

Because fever and chills could be a sign of many diseases, you may not consider Lyme disease as the cause at first.

3. Palsy Bell

If Lyme disease is not treated during the early stages, muscles and nerves can be affected. Palsy Bell is a paralysis of the nerves that control the muscles of your face on one side. Although this phenomenon is somewhat similar to what one would experience after a stroke, Palsy Bell affects only the face.

Paralysis or weakness of the face can also cause irritation of the eyes, drooping mouth, saliva change sense of taste and headaches.

4. Meningitis

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke says that in the second stage of Lyme, numbness and weakness in the body can begin with symptoms of meningitis. This condition is caused by a viral or bacterial infection that leads to inflammation around the spinal cord and brain.

Symptoms of meningitis include intense headaches that may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, stiff neck, fever and sensitivity to light.

5. Encephalitis

Encephalitis is another neurological disorder that accompanies lyme. Encephalitis is a type of brain inflammation that often causes drowsiness, mood swings, personality changes, memory loss, problems with balance and irritability.

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