Exercise For People Who Suffer From Arthritis
Arthritis is a joint disorder that plagues a large segment of our population. It is caused by the inflammation of joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis but the most common ones are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoidarthritis. The former is a degenerative disease affecting the joints, mainly knees, hips, feet, spine and hands while the latter is a systemic inflammatory disease affecting the synovial membrane of joints. Dr. A. Arun Kumar , Snap Fitness India talks about exercises for people with arthritis and the prevention of arthritis.
Arthritis can be identified by a variety of symptoms like muscle weakness, fatigue, pain, stiffness and swelling, which inhibit leading an active lifestyle. As a fitnessexpert, the main goal is to engage such clients in regular exercise to improve the health status and overall mobility and flexibility. Increasing everyday activities,improving cardio-vascular endurance and muscle strength can go a long way in augmenting the overall well being of someone suffering from arthritis.
We always focus on both the functional and fitness status of arthritis patients through a set of exercises especially designed for those dealing with this condition. This can be achieved through resistance training with machines, elastic bands and Isometrics.
Flexibility exercises must be performed once or twice daily, using a pain-free range of motion.
Cardiovascular exercises should be initiated in short bouts (10 minutes to begin with). This can be increased gradually by adding five minutes per session and eventually reaching a total duration of 30 minutes. Water-based exercises, walking and cycling are some options that work well as cardiovascular exercisesin such cases.
Functional activities like climbing stairs, sitting and then standing etc should be performed daily. It is important to remember that in the initial stages these exercises must be performed with low intensity and in short durations. High repetitions, overstretching and hyper mobility should be avoided.
Discontinuous exercise bouts of 5-10 minutes may be necessary in the case of de-conditioned patients. If the patient is suffering from severe pain then exercising must be avoided completely. Conditions for exercise termination include unusual pain, fatigue, weakness, swelling etc.
Hydrotherapy is also very beneficial for patients suffering from arthritis.