Five Common Spine Problems, Causes and Treatment
Spine ProblemSpinal disc problems are very common. The most common reason is excessive pressure on the spine, which occurs because the muscles supporting the spine, are unable to protect the spine against the excessive load.
The treatment of spine problems involve working on training the supporting muscles, and improving strength, flexibility and endurance. Sometimes, a specific movement can help to decrease the pressure from the nerve. However, for long term relief, it is essential to work on the surrounding stabilising muscles as well.
Spine Problem: Spondylolisthesis is a condition where one vertebra slips over the other. This results in instability in the spine. This condition also greatly benefits from spinal stabilisation through specific training of the spinal muscles.
Spine Problem: Spinal canal stenosis is when there is decreased space for the nerves. It can be central, where the spinal cord is getting compressed, or it could be lateral, where there is increased pressure on one or more of the exiting nerve roots. It typically results in radiating pain. The treatment decreases the pressure on the nerves and the patient is told to avoid activities that increases pressure on the nerves.
Spine Problem: Facetal joint arthopathy is the degeneration of the small joints of the back (facet joints), because of repeated wear and tear. This can be due to faulty postures and weak muscles, which put a lot of stress on the facet joints. This results in premature/early degeneration, thereby causing back pain. Treatment includes improving posture, and improving the support provided by the spinal muscles.
Spine Problem: Inflammatory arthropathies, like Ankylosing Spondylosis. This is an autoimmune disorder in which there is inflammation of the spinal joints and surrounding ligaments in the initial stages, followed by stiffness in the spine (bamboo spine). People with a genetic predisposition generally develop AS. The treatment focuses on maintaining mobility for as long as possible and decreasing the pain during the inflammatory phase.
Spine Problem: Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine, which can occur due to muscular imbalances. Treatment is conducted by using the Schroth method, which is specially designed for patients with scoliosis, and by asymmetrical training and correction of the muscular imbalances. However, once fusion has occurred in the faulty position, it is very difficult to completely correct scoliosis. Patients can also improve their quality of life by taking up functional training.
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