Hoarse voice, could be an early sign of Laryngitis
Hoarse voice is a voice that sounds harsh or too hard to get out or sound tone lower than usual. Hoarseness is not a disease. But hoarseness can be a symptom of the disease, usually associated with vocal cord disorders.
Sound produced by vocal cords. Usually the vocal cords open and close smoothly, forming sounds through movement and vibration. But if there is inflammation of the vocal cords, vocal cord movement is impaired. Any circumstances which cause vibration disturbances, tensions, and the second approach the left and right vocal cords can cause hoarseness.
Inflammation of the vocal cords is called laryngitis. Laryngitis may be short or long time. Most cases of laryngitis is caused by a viral infection or excessive use of voice. But sometimes laryngitis can also be a sign of more serious medical condition of a person.
Factors Causes and Symptoms
Laryngitis can attack everyone, all ages, including children. Laryngitis is due to inflammation of the vocal cords. The process of inflammation of the larynx often also involve the entire airway, good nose, sinuses, pharynx, trachea, and bronchus.
There are many causes of laryngitis. One of them, the existence of viruses and germs on the vocal cords. Laryngitis caused by a virus usually occur because of disease affecting the patient’s body, for example, influenza and respiratory infections. The virus can make the vocal cords become inflamed.
Other causes and most often happens is that excessive use of voice (vocal abuse) and an unhealthy lifestyle. People who usually use exaggerated voice, among others, singer, educator, speaker, and sales.
In addition to the excessive use of voice, lifestyle factors also can be a cause of this disease. Laryngitis also prevalent in those who consume more cigarettes, cold drinks, and beverages containing caffeine such as coffee.
Environment can also cause laryngitis. The cooler temperatures make the vocal cords catch an allergy, so the voice becomes hoarse. Why? The cold air are passing through the larynx causes the vocal cords is difficult to move. As a result, the voice will sound hoarse.
The symptoms that arise, one of which is the voice becomes hoarse and weak. Symptoms usually a change in a hoarse voice a hoarse voice changes to a loss of voice. Also generally accompanied by pain and itching in the throat. Even in some cases of laryngitis, there are also accompanied by pain and itching in the throat. Even in some cases of laryngitis, there is also a high fever. And in patients in severe condition will be accompanied by shortness of breath and snoring at night.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis of laryngitis can be enforced by anamnesis, physical examination, and investigation. Usually the inflamed vocal cords will be more red and swollen. Anamnesis will be known at this stage symptoms of fever, cough, pain when swallowing food or beverages that can last for 3 weeks.
Treatment for laryngitis depends on the cause. Laryngitis caused by a virus often improves by itself within a week or more. But if the cause is infection, the infection should be treated with anti-infective drugs.Doctors also advise patients to drink warm water to restore the condition of his vocal cords.
For laryngitis is caused by too frequent vocal cords are used, the proper way of healing is to reduce the use of sound. Vocal rest is very helpful to restore the condition of the vocal cords.
In addition, patients are also advised not to drink beverages containing caffeine until voices really recovered. Why? Typically, the experience will be very sensitive to inflammatory substances contained in the drink.
In addition, there is the easiest way, ie by inhaling steam. Steam heat can relieve symptoms and help cure an inflamed vocal cord area. What should be avoided during healing of many oil and spicy.
If you find that more than 2 weeks inflamed vocal cords do not heal, see a doctor immediately. Just so you know, laryngitis may cause obstruction in the airways which then triggers the occurrence of shortness of breath which, if it is not quickly treated can cause death.