Have you ever suffered a very severe migraine? Although the cause is not known for sure, migraines are thought to occur due to hyperactivity of the brain’s electrical impulses that increase blood flow in the brain and results in brain blood vessel dilation and inflammation. Well here are 10 steps to recognize the things that can cause migraines according to iVillage.
The foods below could be a migraine trigger, so it is important to identify what is sensitive for you. Because it could be that one of these foods is an ingredient for a food product. So read the labels carefully.
These foods, include bananas, beer, wine, red wine, dairy products, such as ice cream, milk, yogurt, cheese, fermentation products, fruits, tamarind, papaya, red plums, pickled fruits, soy sauce, MSG, avocado, chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, onion, saccharin found in diet sodas, and foods that contain yeast, such as bread and donuts.
Drinking or eating foods that contain caffeine can trigger migraines. So, avoid or stay away from caffeine. Remember, caffeine can be found in coffee, regular soda or diet soda, tea, chocolate, and supplements, particularly supplements to lose weight.
3. Monitor your medication
All the drugs that dilate blood vessels, such as hydralazine or loniten, could be migraine triggers. Other drugs that can be a trigger is cimetidine, fenfluramine, indomethacin, nitroglycerine, nifedipine, theophylline, drugs that contain reserpine and estrogen replacement therapy or pills in preventing pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about drugs that you consume that can trigger migraines. Doctors may recommend other actions that has the same effect without triggering migraine
Pressures, large loss, anger, conflict, or depression, can all trigger migraines. Interestingly, daily stress is the cause of migraines. Feeling happy, attending events that alter emotions, such as getting married, moving houses, or even a child can reduce the risk of migraine. Learning to have time for yourself and find a healthy way to make peace with stress is a major task in overcoming a migraine attack.
Migraine can be triggered by smells, like perfume, cigarette smoke, paint thinner, ammonia, and cooking smells. Bright light or glare, sunlight or the movement of cars and trains can also be migraine triggers. Let your friends and family know that they should not use a stinging smell of perfume while close to you and allow air to flow to the area at dinner in the kitchen. If your house is being renovated, ensure sufficient air into the house before you enter it. Use sunglasses during the day and use a cleanser that does not smell.
6. Enough sleep
Too much sleep or interrupted sleep patterns can trigger a migraine. You can minimize it by prioritizing your sleep. If you recently had a baby, ask other family members to come up in the middle of the night. When traveling, ask your doctor which medications can make you fall asleep. If you travel to a different zones, ask the doctor some melatonin. Treat any injury or illness that can reduce or interfere with the hours you sleep. Create relaxing atmosphere before bed, such as turning off lights, eating warm food, turn off the TV, or having a warm bath. Regular exercise can make you sleep soundly at night.
7. Physical factors
Any type of excessive activity, like heavy exercise or move heavy items at home, could be a migraine trigger. In fact, the difficulty in doing bending movement can cause the attack. It’s important to change a healthier lifestyle, for example during a routine exercise, add weight training or in stages, do not overdo it. Eat fiber-rich foods and drink plenty of water.
8. Changes in weather
Seasonal changes and sudden temperature, such as temperature, air pressure, humidity, air quality, or a sudden rain can cause migraines. High air pressure can trigger headaches. For example, mountain climbers, hikers, and skiers who suffer from migraines may experience it more often in areas with high air pressure. In fact, traveling by air can trigger migraines in some people. Talk to your doctor about how to minimize the effects of weather and air pressure that affect the sensitivity of migraine.
9. Hormonal changes
Migraine that occurs in women when approaching normal menstrual cycle is called “menstrual migraine”. It could be that migraine is associated with menopause, in which estrogen begins to decline permanently.
Birth and pregnancy control can reduce migraines in some women, but also can improve it. In general, use of oral contraceptives should be based on effects that could trigger a migraine. Oral contraceptives with low doses estrogan is not a migraine trigger factor. The risk of stroke in women who suffer from migraines increases since the use of oral contraceptives or high blood pressure, also due to smoking.
10. Do not skip meals
Hunger can trigger migraine attacks, missed meals is not a good idea for people who suffer from migraines. What can we do? Do not skip meals. Be sure to consume calcium or eat foods rich in calcium which are also useful for preventing osteoporosis. Take multivitamins daily that contain magnesium.