Know the 5 Types of Headaches

headache clip art pictureTreating headaches should be done properly, because the types and causes vary. If not careful,  choosing the wrong drug can trigger other types of headaches.

The most mild type of headache, can be healed by regular headache medicine. But there are also some types that must be followed by antibiotics, or even a supplement to maintain nerve function.

According to Health.com, you should know the following types of headaches so you don’t choose the wrong medicine.

1. Tension headaches
It is a type of headache most common, which is pain or soreness that is felt constantly around your temples or neck and back of your head. It is not as bad as migraine, tension headache is not accompanied by nausea and vomiting and does not distract activity. Regular headache drugs are powerful enough to handle this type of headache, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen.

Experts suspect that the cause of this type of headache is the contraction of neck and scalp that usually accompanies stress conditions. It can also be triggered by changes in chemical composition in the brain.

2. Cluster headaches
This type of headache is occurs more in men than in women, with symptoms of severe pain on one side of the head. Sometimes accompanied by watery eyes, nasal congestion and runny nose on the same side of the head. Someone who experience it would feel nervous, uncomfortable as in migraine sufferers.

The exact cause is still unknown, but believed to be the interference with the genetic component. There is no drug that can effectively cure this, but medications can reduce symptoms.

3. Sinus headaches
Experiencing sinus inflammation due to infection can cause pain in the head. Usually accompanied by fever, and need to be checked with MRI or CT scan to determine changes in fluid composition, or with fiber optic to see any pus.

In addition to analgesics, antibiotics are also needed by patiences of this type of headache. if necessary,  doctors will prescribe anti-allergies or lozenges.

4. Rebound headaches
Excessive treatment and medicine is one cause of this headache. Rebound headache is a headache that continues to repeat, and sometimes are even more severe every time we treat it.

One theory says, too many drugs cause the brain response to rise and instead will exacerbate  the headache. Another theory says, rebound headache is a drug withdrawal symptoms as feedback effects after drug levels in the blood  gets thinner.

5. Migraine headaches
This is a one side type of headache which is a neurological disorder (nerve) and is defined by the following criteria:

1. Previously had experienced headaches of not less than five times
2. Lasts for four to 72 hours
3. Experienced two of the four following complaints: headaches, head throbbing, moderate to severe pain, can not perform routine activities
4. Accompanied by one of the following symptoms: nausea and or vomiting; sensitive to sound and light.

Some regular headache medicine are claimed to be able to cope with migraine and maintain nerve function. However, to ensure there are no serious problems with the nervous system,  one should consult with their doctor to get a correct diagnosis.

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