Preeclampsia Can Cause Death!
Preeclampsia is poisoning during pregnancy. Preeclampsia usually occurs in pregnant women aged around 20 years old or over 35 years. Preeclampsia can also occur during the first pregnancy. Preeclampsia is one of the diseases that often found in pregnant women and still is one of the major causes of death in the world. In the United States, 1 / 3 of maternal deaths caused by preeclampsia.
Preeclampsia usually occurs during the third trimester of pregnancy or it could also appear in the second trimester. Preeclampsia may occur in any pregnant women. Some conditions that have the possibility of experiencing preeclampsia, ie first pregnancy, twin pregnancy, pregnant women with diabetes, pregnant women who have a history of hypertension, has a problem with the kidneys, and also the first woman who was pregnant at the age of 20 years or over 35 years.
The risk of preeclampsia is also elevated in pregnancy, the mother who had already had experienced preeclampsia in previous pregnancies. If this is not handled properly and quickly, preeclampsia will soon turn into eclampsia, which is infection and bleeding. And this could be fatal.
Factors Causes and Symptoms
Nearly all pregnant women can suffer from preeclampsia. The biggest risk factor is a first-time mother who was pregnant at the age of 20 years. Preeclampsia can also occur in women who undergo pregnancy at the age of 30-35 years and women who suffer from obesity.
Preeclampsia can also occur under conditions of multiple pregnancies. Preeclampsia is also often linked with a genetic factor. There are many symptoms that arise. Sometimes these symptoms are often considered to be usual condition. One of them is headache due to hypertension, especially if the pregnancy has reached the age of 20 weeks.
Usually the mother will experience headache very frequently.
In this case will be found increases in blood pressure over 130/90 mmHg. Swelling in the foot and leg. On a more serious condition, the swelling occurs throughout the body due to capillary leak, so the water seeps that are part of the cell and into the tissues of the body and buried in a particular section. During the test, it will be found high levels of protein in the urine due to disruption of the kidney.
In some cases also occur different symptoms such as blurred vision and sensitivity to light. The mother was also suffer from upper abdominal pain, usually under the ribs on the right, accompanied by nausea. Weight gain of more than 1.36 kg per week during the second trimester, and more than 0.45 kg per week during the third trimester.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis is established based on patient history and examinations. If the inspection has found conditions as mentioned above, was certain that the mother suffered from preeclampsia. The test includes blood tests, the amount of urine, and kidney test.
When the mother suffered only mild preeclampsia, this condition does not always require medication but only routine pregnancy test. Drugs or supplements are not guaranteed to prevent the mother from preeclampsia, but helps control the condition of the mother. But if preeclampsia is more serious, the mother was advised to complete bed rest or may be recommended to stay at the hospital for treatment. Because the conditions of mother should be monitored and also the infant development.
Treatment depends on gestational age and how close to the approximate birth. When preeclampsia occurs in the final weeks of pregnancy, the doctor will take action to immediately birth the baby. But if preeclampsia occurs early in pregnancy, your doctor will try to prolong pregnancy until the baby is deemed to have been strong enough to be born.
When it was close to the approximate date of birth and the infant was considered sufficiently developed, the doctor will suggest to birth the baby as soon as possible.
But it is better if the mother is undergoing treatment in hospital before delivery to avoid the worst risks.
Remember, do not let the mother having a seizure. Because the condition could be worse. If conditions worsen, it will affect the functioning of the heart, liver and lungs that can cause death. If the mother’s general condition worsened, doctors will soon conduct an induction or cesarean birth to save the mother and baby.
Many people assume that pregnant women experience preeclampsia can not give birth normally. Especially in the case of a serious preeclampsia. But it was not entirely correct. Pregnant women who suffer preeclampsia could give birth normally if the pregnancy condition is enough to be born and considering the maturity of the mother’s cervix.
Because the exact cause of preeclampsia is unknown, it is strongly recommended to pregnant women to go to a doctor regularly in order to prevent this disease. Certainly the mother’s diet also should be noted, considering that obesity can also be a cause of preeclampsia. Mothers should undergo a healthy diet with a balanced diet. Ideally, the diet has been started since before pregnancy or when planning pregnancy.