Prevent Cervical Cancer by Performing Early Detection
Cervical cancer is one type of malignant cancer that attacks the cervix, women needs to know the steps to prevent cervical cancer. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus that protrudes into the upper part of the vagina. Cervical cancer can occur because of a viral infection called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), which managed to get into the area. Cervical cancer is transmitted through sexual contact. Women who are married and had sexual intercourse at a young age or less than 20 years, are more at risk of developing cervical cancer. Frequent change of sex partners and smoking also increases the risk of developing cervical cancer. That is why it is important for them to know how to prevent cervical cancer.
In its early stages, cervical cancer does not have symptoms. Signs such as vaginal bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge (mixed with blood and smells), pelvic pain, and difficulty in urinating will arise when the cancer is already difficult to cure. Actually, cervical cancer is more easily treated than all other types of cancer. Do early screening to detect and prevent cervical cancer.
To understand better about this disease it is best to learn the details first before getting into further discussion on how to prevent cervical cancer.
What is Cervical Cancer?
As we all know, cancer will arise inside our body if the cells that we have starts to grow out of control. While in the case of a cervical cancer, the cells that causes this are located lining the cervix which is the lower part of the uterus or the womb.
There are two type of cells that mainly are located in the cervix area of a woman. The two cells are squamouscells and glandular cells, which meets in an area known as the transformation zone. Now this is the area where the cells become gradually develops and changes into cancer.
Check Before Symptoms Arise
Because cervical cancer symptoms do not arise in the early stages, then you need to do a screening to detect it in order to be able to prevent cervical cancer. With screening, the patient will be quickly handled, as well as having greater hope for recovery. Currently there are several screening methods that are already known, among them are:
1. Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA)
This method is the most simplest, fastest, and cheapest method. You only need to apply a solution of 3-5% acetic acid to the cervix. Within 10 minutes, you can immediately know the result. If its shows white patches, there may be abnormalities in the cervical cells. However, this examination has a lower sensitivity compared to other inspection methods.
2. Cytology Inspection (Pap smear)
Pap Smear is a method of examination to see the change in morphology (form and function) of cervical cells using Papanicolau staining techniques. Pap Smear examination materials are taken through the vagina. Which will then be observed under microscop. There are two kinds of Pap Smear, besides the conventional on there is also a Liquid-Based Cervical Cytology.
Liquid-Based Cervical Cytology is a new method. It is helpful to improve the accuracy of detecting abnormal cervical cells. In this method, the examination materials incorporated into a special liquid to separate cells or other disturbance factors before it is examined under microscope.
3. HPV-DNA check
This is a molecular examination methods that aims to determine whether there are human papilloma virus in cells taken from the cervix. This is used to support Pap Smear data.
Do screening if you have had sexual intercourse
Screening is recommended for all women who have ever had sexual intercourse. If you are less than 21, you should do screening with Pap Smear three years after your first sexual intercourse. If the result is normal, you still need to do screening every once a year.
But if you are between 21-30 years old, Pap Smear screening should be done yearly or according to your doctor’s advice if there is an abnormal result. Meanwhile, if you are aged over 30 years, pap smear tests equipped with HPV-DNA regularly.
For woman who had raised her uterus, cervical cancer screening is still necessary. Similarly, women who have been vaccinated for cervical cancer prevention. Both still have to do screening because vaccines currently only protects from two types of HPV. That means there is a possibility of developing other types of HPV that are capable to develop into cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer screening can be done anytime, unless you are in a state of menstruation. The best screening time is two weeks after the first day of menstruation, and sexual intercourse is not permitted for at least three days before the test. Do routine screening for early detection of cervical cancer. The earlier detected, the higher the chances of recovery.
Those are some things to know about screening and early detection to prevent cervical cancer. Good Luck!