Prohibition of Smoking Lowers Birth of Premature Babies
Since Scotland banned smoking in public places in 2006, premature births in the country went down 10 percent. The Government also believes that the restrictions may reduce heart disease and asthma in children.
A research institute, Plos Medicine, analyzed the impact of the policy on 700 thousand women for 14 years.
Now the number of pregnant women who smoke dropped from 25 percent to 19 percent. At the same time, there is a decline in the number of babies born prematurely or with less weight.
Reduction in preterm births occur in women who are not smokers and who smoked during pregnancy. Therefore, they believe exposure to secondhand smoke in public places can interfere with pregnancy.
Andy Cole, the leader of a charitable organization for the baby who needs special care Bliss, said that about eight thousand babies born and need specialist care in hospital each year.
According to him, women should not smoke during pregnancy and should live a healthy lifestyle. “However, it is important to remember, the reason the baby is born premature or underweight is very complicated,” he said. “Smoking is only one risk factor.”
Scotland was the first country in the UK to ban smoking in public places. Then followed by Wales, Northern Ireland, and England in 2007.