Smoking and Nipple Piercing Can Cause Breast Abscess
Women who smokes or pierce their nipples, are more likely to get breast abscess (complications resulting from chronic breast inflammation), according to a new study published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, July edition.
Researchers at the University of Iowa, United States, found in women smokers there are the possibility of primary breast abscess six times higher than non-smokers.
This study is one of the first to provide clinical evidence that nipple piercing is also a risk factor for subareolar breast abscess, with the onset of abscesses occurred from one month to seven years from when pierced.
Inflammation of the breast, which is very painful and difficult to treat, tends to recur 40 to 50 percent, according to previous retrospective studies.
“Almost 60 percent of patients who relapsed breast abscess is a heavy smoker,” said Vinod Gollapalli, MD, from the School of Medicine, University of Iowa. “Because the smoke seems to be a strong risk factor for recurrence of breast abscess, we recommend that patients should stop smoking as an integral part of treatment.”