Smoking Is A Major Factor for Infertility in Men
Smoking is injurious to health and can affect fertility. And, getting pregnant requires both the egg and sperm, and male health and fertility is as important as female health and fertility. Dr. Rita Bakshi from International Fertility Centre explains how smoking plays a major role in raising a number of infertility issue among males in society.
Sperm concentration refers to the number of sperm found in a measured quantity of semen. Studies have shown 23 per cent decrease in sperm concentration in men who smoke.
Sperm motility refers to the swimming capabilities of the sperm. If the sperm cannot swim properly, they may have trouble reaching the egg and fertilising it. In men who smoke, researchers found a 13 per cent decrease in sperm motility.
Sperm morphology refers to the shape of the sperm. Oddly-shaped sperm may not swim well enough to get to the egg and may not be able to fertilise an egg. Male smokers have fewer healthy-shaped sperm than non-smokers. Male smokers may also have abnormal hormone levels, which can affect fertility.
*Data Courtesy: Dr. Rita Bakshi,Chairperson, International Fertility Centre(Senior IVF Specialist & Senior Gynecologist) *Images courtesy: © Thinkstock photos/ Getty Images
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