As well as infants and toddlers, adults also need immunization for the body’s endurance. Especially those who have chronic disease risk factors, disease history, and the elderly.
This adult immunization awareness among adults is not as high as the enthusiasm of the parents to provide immunization to their children. They assume the benefits of immunization in children has been believed to help prevent spread of infectious diseases.
Meanwhile, the benefits of immunization in adults is not fully known to health workers, especially by the laity. In fact, the American Society of Internal Medicine annual meeting in 2001 in Atlanta, United States reaffirms that immunization of adults may prevent the death of a hundred times more than the children.
So that in 2010 public health programs, the United States launched 60 percent of influenza vaccination in adults. So reiterated that there are great opportunities to prevent death in adults through immunization.
There are many factors that cause reverberations immunization for adults have not heard widely. In addition to its lack of effectiveness of vaccine-related information, it is also because of the less of guidelines as well as vaccination of health care access is still limited.
Many people think immunization is required only babies and children, while adults do not need to be immunized because their immune system has been formed. In fact, adults need immunizations, especially to avoid dangerous infectious diseases and infectious.
Immunization is not just a big impact for the individual and the community further, but also contributes to social and economic development such as reducing the need for medical expenses from the hospital, reducing permanent disability and reduce the incidence of unusual diseases or outbreaks.
In the world, influenza immunization has long been proclaimed. In Korea for example, provided 10 million units of influenza vaccine each year. In fact, about 90 percent of the medical and health personnel there have been injected with the vaccine. In Australia, this activity has become a government program. Similarly in New Zealand, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Thailand, and Singapore.
Groups that require immunization are adults who have high risk factors for a disease and its complications, including people aged over 60 years of suffering from influenza vulnerable, people with chronic diseases such as chronic lung, heart, and kidney failure, also officers frequent regular health contact with high-risk patients.
In addition, the food providers at the edges of the street, young women as well as tourists who are visiting a country are also required to undergo immunization. For an example influenza, which is estimated to cause 20,000 deaths per year, can be prevented by vaccination approximately 9800 deaths per year.
The attention to adult immunization must be improved. This can be done by increasing awareness of health workers, health service capacity, and availability of cheap vaccines and easily accessible. Therefore, necessary government and also the role of insurance in providing funding.
Prof. Dr. Jeffrey Tan, a cancer of the womb Royal Women’s Hospital in Melbourne, Australia who were present expressed, cervical cancer vaccination in the country has become the official government program. Since 2007, vaccination programs have been run for young women who have 12-13 years of age.
Now, he’s bright, its coverage has reached 86 percent. “We expect, these public programs can reduce cervical cancer incidence rate is decreased 16 types of HPV infection in Australia by 56 percent in 2010 and 92 percent in 2050,” said Tan.