Inflammation of the gums or in medical term is called gingivitis, usually it is caused by dirty teeth. Gingivitis may also be caused due to errors in brushing teeth. Outside of these two causes, there are still secondary causes other. But clearly, lack of dental hygiene is absolute beginning gingivitis.
Without realizing it, some people think little sores and other oral cavity diseases such as bad breath and bleeding gums to cavities. Sprue by many people known as the wounds on the mucous membranes in the mouth. Typically, the wound in the mouth area is not within. If it is not accompanied by complications due to infection by more virulent bacteria, sores will heal themselves without a trace. The infection usually begins with the appearance of fluid-filled bubbles in the mouth. This bubble could burst and form a wound that will feel pain. In fact, recent research indicates a strong link between the accumulation of bacteria in the oral cavity with other severe illnesses, like diabetes, heart attacks, blood infections, until about babies with insufficient weight. Gingivitis is recognized to be the main factor cases of teeth and tooth supporting tissue damage. The longer plaque and bacteria that resides in the teeth that will cause inflammation of the gums is called gingivitis.
That gingivitis gingivitis medical term is a state in which there is a change struktual the gums. Marked by a change in shape and color of the gums. Even so, if left unchecked, this mild inflammation can develop into periodontitis. This means, inflammation around the teeth. At this stage of gum chipped teeth and form pockets of infection. As a result, the immune system to fight against the bad bacteria as the widespread and growing plaque around the gums. If this is not addressed, bone teeth, gums, and teeth buffer network will be destroyed. The teeth will soon be dated or revoked. You certainly do not want this to happen in your mouth, if this happens to you, you should go to the dentist immediately to have it checked.
Factors Causes and Symptoms
Gingivitis (gum inflammation) can occur at any age. Usually, a person Hygiene factors are critical. There are several factors that can cause gingivitis. Among other things, smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, stress, cancer, AIDS, genetic factors, malnutrition, and drugs. Some medications such as antidepressants and some heart medications can cause inflammation of the gums because of the reduced flow of saliva, which actually has a protective effect on teeth and gums. In addition to severe factors such as stress, hormonal changes, diabetes, and genetics, inflammation of the gums can happen so light as food and hot drinks. But the factors that are more common is someone Hygiene factors and errors in the brush.
The cause of gingivitis is most common in the stacking rocks on the tooth from food scraps that are not cleaned. Coral tooth comes from food scraps that are not cleaned, so there is an accumulation and become rock. If the plaque remains attached to the teeth for more than 72 hours, it will harden and form tartar. Gingivitis is also found in many people who use fake teeth and never noticed the cleanliness fact. Moreover, if the false teeth were made of coarse material, so there is likely to injure the gums, causing inflammation.
Inflammation of the gums can also cause infection through the blood vessels and damage to human organs like heart, lungs, brain, and eyes. If the infection went down to the heart or the so-called percarlitis or inflammation of the lining of the heart. If the infection went up into the lungs can cause TB disease. If you go down to the eye vision problems can occur. And if the infection went up to the brain that can cause meningitis.
There are two kinds of symptoms of inflammation of the gums, symptoms of primary and secondary symptoms. The primary symptoms are marked by the swelling of the gums. As a result the head felt dizzy and feverish. While secondary symptoms characterized by pain when touched or exposed to the gum toothbrush. As a result, the head feels dizzy or commonly referred to as migrants. In the primary symptoms, the gums will appear red when the gums have a natural color pink.
In addition, swelling of the gums and the gums become more flexible than normal. As a result, the gums are no longer attached to the teeth so the dirt easier entry. If people brush their teeth or eating, often bleeding gums and gums become more sensitive. In addition patients will also complain about the smell of mouth, especially in the inflamed gums. Bleeding gums often make sufferers reluctant to brush his teeth by causing illness, it causes plaque and food scraps accumulating thus worsening the condition of gingivitis. In cases of severe gingivitis, then at the time, especially during the morning wake up pillow is packed with blood, and especially if the patient breathing during sleep through the mouth.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis is established based on symptoms and physical examination results. If found conditions inflamed gums red, swollen and bleed easily then it could be said if he was hit gingivitis. If the patient’s has symptoms which has been mentioned above, he certainly has affected gingivitis.
Gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums if not treated will become severe and spread to the teeth resulting in tooth loss. The situation is called periodontists, which is a further stage of gingivitis, with inflammation of the gums that is more severe. Medical conditions that cause or worsen gingivitis should be addressed.
If the cause is drugs, excessive gum growth should be removed surgically. If there is a deficiency of vitamin C, vitamin supplement provided. As for cases caused by accumulated tartar, treatment will be done by cleaning the tartar. Just sprayed with warm water and given antibiotics to patients who have a fevere. In addition the doctor usually will also give mouthwash to kill germs and bacteria found in the mouth.
Although this disease can be healed within 2 to 3 days but is highly recommended to patients to get to the dentist to perform scaling or tartar cleaning the interval between 3-6 months. Scaling addition, patients can also do scerentase, namely cleaning germs that can cause gingivitis contained in the root of the tooth. Because the inflammation will spread fear and cause a condition where the patient can not chew food with his teeth. Because if not treated immediately feared would be another disease like periodontists more dangerous.
Even so, toothbrush remains the most important element to prevent this disease. Because simply by brushing your teeth twice a day for brushing your teeth too often it will damage the tooth enamel. Also recommended using a fluffy brush and brush your teeth carefully, not haphazard and short.
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