The Ideal Sleep Time For Children
Everyone needs time to sleep, including of course children. Sleeping is one of the important aspects to support the development of children, both physically and mentally.
But the sleeping time needed differs between people. Here;s the reference of the sleep time portion for children ranging from the age of 0-13 years:
1. Age 0-3 months
Newborns do not have a biological clock. Sleep period may last a few minutes to several hours.
In a day newborn babies can even sleep for 15-18 hours. The biological clock of a baby will begin to develop at the age of 6 weeks.
At the age of 3 months most babies already have a regular sleep cycle and there is no confusion between day and night.
2. Age 4-11 months
Creating healthy sleep habits is the main goal in this period. Baby’s sleep patterns is already more similar to adults. Ideally, at this age the baby sleeps for 15 hours a day.
Within a day, babies in this age will have 3 times naps and to 2 times a day at the age of 6 months. This short sleep last 30 minutes to 2 hours each session. At the age of 9 months (can be earlier), about 70-80 percent of babies begin to sleep at night without waking.
3. Age 1-2 years
Children aged 1-2 years old need 11-14 hours of sleep a day, with nap time reduced to only 1 time a day. Long sleep is usually between 1 to 3 hours.
A short sleep should be close to bedtime, as it can shift the child’s bedtime at night. In this age, many children start to have trouble sleeping or waking at night due to nightmares.
4. Age 3-5 years
At this age, children usually sleep for 11-13 hours every night. Most children don’t nap during the day after they are 5 year old.
Aged 3-5 years old is the peak age of terror while sleeping or nightmares, because at this age a child’s imagination is growing.
5. Age 6-13
Children aged 6-13 years need about 9-11 hours of sleep time. At this age, children should divide time to various activities: doing homework from school, sports, and social activities with friends.
Besides school age children become interested in television, computers, games, internet which can can cause difficulty in sleeping.