Types of Cancer which Attacks Children


cancer in childrenAn 8-year-old girl was diagnosed with ovarian cancer, this condition is fairly rare because ovarian cancer tends to occur in women who have menopause. So actually, what kinds of cancers can attack children?

Sophie Fry (8 year old) may be the youngest ovarian cancer patient, because these cancers generally occur in women over 50 years who had experienced menopause.

At first she claimed to experience severe stomachache in early 2009, after conducting examination in May 2009, it was found that she had ovarian cancer. She eventually underwent surgery for 6 hours to remove the ovaries and followed by chemotherapy.

According to nccu.cancer.org, ovarian cancer is not common in children because usually cancers that can strike children, are as fallow:

Leukemia (blood cancer)
Leukemia is a cancer which is most common in children, which about 33 percent of all cancers in children.

The most common type of leukemia is acute lymphocytic leukemia / ALL and acute myelogenous leukemia / AML. Symptoms arising from this lekemia is pale, often getting fever, bone and joint pain, weakness, bleeding, weight loss and other symptoms.

Brain and nervous system cancer
Brain and nervous system cancer is the second most found cancer in children, which is about 21 percent. Most brain cancers that occur in children involves the brain stem or cerebellum.

At an early stage, it is usually characterized by frequent headaches, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, dizziness and difficulty in walking or holding objects.

Neuroblastoma is a form of cancer in several types of nerve cells that could be found since the fetus, because of that the cancer usually occurs in infants and children in the first year of life.

These tumors can start anywhere, but usually it appears most frequent in the stomach and swelling is visible. This condition can also cause bone pain and fever.

Non-Hodgkins and Hodgkins lymphoma cancer is cancers that starts in lymphatic tissue, such as tonsils, lymph nodes and thymus. This cancer can spread to the spinal cord and other organs depending on where the cancer grows.

The symptoms are fever, sweating, weakness and a lump in the lymph nodes in the armpit, neck or groin.

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a soft tissue sarcoma cancer most commonly occurs in children. These tumors begin in the same embryo cells for the development of voluntary striated muscle.

This condition can occur in the head and neck, groin, abdomen, pelvis, arms and legs. Presenting symptoms are pain, swelling and / or bumps.

Retinoblastoma (eye cancer)
Retinoblastoma or cancer of the eye usually occurs in children under age of 5 years and is a derivative. The symptoms of retinoblastoma are the eyes seemed to shine when hit by light (cat’s eye), pupil are white, and red-eye squint and protruding eyeballs.

If test is done with oftalmoskop in normal eyes it will be red, while the retinoblastoma do not give a red color.

Bone Cancer
Primary bone cancer (which originated from the bone) is most common in children and adolescents. Primary bone cancer is different from metastatic bone cancer (other cancer that spread to the bone).

Types of bone cancer that attacks children are:

1. Osteosarcoma, this cancer does not cause pain or symptoms until swelling occur, but bone pain occasionally arise and become increasingly worse.
2. Ewing sarcoma, this bone cancer is rare, usually marked by pain in the bones and mostly found in adolescents.