If you think testosterone is the hormone that belongs only to men, you’re wrong. Testosterone is the primary sex hormone in humans, which is responsible for sexual desire and function, muscle hypertrophy, densification of bone, and hair growth.
But when compared with women, men’s body naturally produces the testosterone hormone ten times more than women. Although testosterone levels in women are less, but have a profound effect on three of the following things.
1. Sexual Desire
Sexual desire in women is closely associated with testosterone. This is then used in the manufacture of contraceptive pills which suppress the production of sex hormones, especially testosterone and estradiol.
This means less desire for sexual intercourse. Also, when women approach menopause. Woman’s body will produce far less testosterone than before, thus drastically decreased sexual desire.
2. Estrogen production
Estrogen is the primary female sex hormone, derived from testosterone. Estrogen is responsible for the maturation of female sex organs.
Including thickening of the vaginal wall, the production of natural lubrication, the growth of cervical gland and growth of the uterine wall. Estrogen production is important for maintaining pregnancy and preventing miscarriage.
Testosterone is also responsible for the production of estradiol, the main estrogen in women who are not pregnant, until menopause. After menopause, estrogen is produced, whereas in pregnant women, estriol is produced. Therefore, without testosterone, the female body will not be able to produce estrogen.
3. Muscle formation
As in men, testosterone is important to create a solid muscle mass. Without a solid muscle mass, the body can not properly maintain the metabolic system. Including not able to burn fat and can lose bone density, which can cause other health problems.