What is Renal Inflammation
The kidneys play an important role for our body. It is not only filter the blood and cleanse the body wastes, but also to balance electrolyte levels, controlling blood pressure, and stimulating the production of red blood cells.
Kidney located behind the stomach, one left and one right of the spine. Kidneys receive blood supply through artery-renal artery from the aorta directly behind the dam to send blood to the heart via renal veins.
Glomerulonephritis is one of the usual kidney disease called renal inflammation. Kidney disease commonly referred to kidney inflammation. The disease is characterized by inflammation of the part of kidney’s glomeruli. This condition can occur when the body’s immune system is paralyzed.
Antibodies and other substances to form particles in the bloodstream are trapped in the glomeruli. This causes inflammation and make the glomeruli can not work properly. Glomerulonephritis is the biggest cause of end stage renal disease other than hypertension, polycystic kidney disease, kidney disease, obstruction and infection.
Glomerulonephritis can strike all ages, both children and adults. In children, commonly glomerulonephritis occurs at age 50-10 years. Whereas in adults usually occurs at age 20-30 years. Please note, this glomerulonephritis is the main cause of end stage renal failure
Germs and Viruses
Glomerulonephritis were divided into several types, namely acute and chronic. Acute glomerulonephritis occur suddenly without any previous symptoms. Meanwhile, chronic glomerulonephritis was chronic and recurrent infection. The main causes of acute glomerulonephritis is an infection of the bacteria Staphylococcus.
But not all of glomerulonephritis caused by germs or bacteria. There are still other causes, among others, viruses and parasites. Virus is intended, among others are the hepatitis B virus, vanisula, and influenza virus. While the emergence of parasites that can cause these diseases are malaria and toxoplasma.
As already mentioned, the main function of the kidneys is to filter out substances that are contained in the body. Germs and viruses also filtered, so that later was trapped in the kidneys and cause kidney inflammation.
Antibodies in the blood circulation will lead to the kidneys and then filtered in that place. Germs that are trapped will be mixed with other antibodies. When the body attacked by various bacteria and viruses and even parasites, the body will form antibodies.
Symptoms of glomerulonephritis can occur suddenly or chronic. It is often unknown because it does not cause symptoms. There are several symptoms that arise, among others are nausea, anemia, the change of urine color, headaches, and bruising to the face, especially in the morning.
At first, symptoms of swelling will occur only around the eyes and face. But in the long run could be assigned to other part of the body too.There is also other symptoms such as the body feels weak and no appetite.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis based on clinical symptoms and laboratory examination. In this laboratory examination, the patient urine tested for albumin whether there is in it or not.
C3 examination will be conducted to see whether the urine of patients with high protein or not.
Just so you know, because the kidneys are not functioning properly, will participate soluble protein into the urine and are not filtered by the kidneys.
Treatment of glomerulonephritis depends on the cause of disease, whether acute or chronic, the severity of kidney damage, and patient age and comorbidity.
For acute glomerulonephritis, the treatment is intended to help eliminate excess fluid and control high blood pressure. Long-term therapies is needed only for end-stage renal failure, namely by way of kidney transplants.
Giving penicillin is intended to eradicate all residual infection. Antibiotics do not affect the severity of glomerulonephritis, but reduce the spread of Staphylococcus infections that may still exist.
Giving antibiotics for 10 days to eliminate the remnants of bacteria that still exist in the body, the kidneys in particular.
It is also advisable for the patient to rest approximately one month to restore renal and conditions. Treatment depends on disease severity, causes, and symptoms.
In addition, glomerulonephritis can also be prevented by regulating healthy lifestyles, reduce coffee, alcohol, cigarettes, and drinking water.